Nalanda Open University Assignment Question 2015 Tax

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1 FACULTY OF ARTS, EDUCATION AND SOCIAL SCIENCES BACHELOR OF ARTS GENERAL INFORMATION FOR STUDENTS Pattern of Question Paper in B.A. Part I (2015) Section A: Will consist of 10 compulsory questions. There will be two questions from each unit and answer of each question shall be limited upto 30 words. Each question will carry 2 marks. Section B: Will consist of 10 questions. Two question from each unit will be set and students will answer one question from each Unit. Answer of each question shall be limited upto 250 words. Each question will carry 7 marks. Section C: Will consist of total 5 questions. The paper setter will set one question from each Unit and students will answer any 3 questions and answer of each question shall be limited upto 500 words. Each question will carry 15 marks.

2 B.A. PART I EXAMINATION 2015 HISTORY Paper I Paper II Duration of each paper 100 Marks 100 Marks 3 Hours PAPER I HISTORY OF INDIA UPTO 1200 A.D. Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Sources of History, Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Chalcolithic cultures. Features of Harappan Civilization with special reference to Urban Planning, its decline. Vedic Polity, Economy. Iron age Culture in India, Megaliths in the South and North. Chandragupta Maurya his conquest and administration, Ashoka s religion and its propagation, Mauryan Art and architecture, Estimates of Pushyamitra Sunga; Rudradaman, Kaniska and Gautamiputra Satkarni. Unit 4 Early Gupta Rulers, Samudragupta, Chandragupta II, Skandagupta, Causes of the decline of the Gupta Empire, Gupta art, architecture, literature, Philosophy, Religion, Science and Technology. Unit 5 Gupta administration, Harshvardhana; contribution of Cholas, Chalukyas and Pallavas to Indian Culture; Tripartite struggle for supremacy, Mihirbhoj Pratihara and Prithviraja Chahmana III; Impact of invasions of Mahmood Ghazni and Mohammed Ghori. Suggested Readings: Thapar, Romila: A History of India Vol. I. Thapar, B.K.: Recent Archaeological discoveries in India (UNESCO, 1985) Sharma, R.S.: Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient India, Delhi. Nilkantha Shastri K.A.:A History of South India. Jha D.N. and Shrimali K.M.: Prachin Bharat Ka Itihas, Delhi, Pandey, Rajbali: Om Prakash: Prachin Bharat. Prachin Bharat Ka Itihas. Nahar, Ratibhanu Singh : Prachin Bharat Ka Rajanitik Avam Sanskritik Itihas. Adhya G.L.: Basham A.L.: Early Indian Economics. The Wonder that was India. Brown Percy: Indian Architecture Vol. I. Majumdar R.C.(Ed.): History and Culture of the Indian People Vol. II, III, IV, V. Gopal, L. Srivastava, A.L.: Economic Life of Northern India. Delhi Sultanate. Majumdar R.C. and Altekar: The Vakataka Gupta Age Banaras, Chattopadhyaya, S.: Chattopadhyaya, S.: Social Life in Ancient India. Early History of North India.

3 PAPER II INDIAN CULTURE AND CIVILIZATION. Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Meaning and Ideals of Indian Culture, Unity in diversity. Indus Society and Religion Vedic Literature, Society and Religion. Jainism, Buddhism, Islam and Sikhism. Centres of Learning in Ancient India. Varna, Caste, Joint family merits and demerits, Purushartha, Ashram System, Position of women through the ages. Sankaracharya his teachings, Bhakti Movement, Ajanta Paintings. Ramayan, Mahabharata, Kali Das, Tulsi Das, Mira. Indian Renainssance; Contributions of Tilak, Gandhi and S.C. Bose to the National movement. Impact of West on Indian Culture. C.V. Raman, J.C. Basu, Arya Bhatta. Suggested Readings: Gopal & Yadav : Bharatiya Sanskriti. Bhatnagar, K.S. : Bharat Ka Sanskritik Itihas. Sharma, R.G. : Bharatiya Sahitaya Aur Sanskriti Ka Itihas. Lunia, B.N. : Bhartiya Sanskriti. Srivastava, A.L. : Madhyakalin Bharatiya Sanskriti. Basham, A.L. : The Wonder that was India (Adbhut Bharat Hindi ed.). Raychoudhary, H.C. : Political History of Ancient India. Raghuvansi, V.P.S. : Indian National Movements and Thought (Hindi and Eng. ed.). Agrawal, R.C. : Bhartiya Samvidhan Ka Vikas Tatha Rashtriya Andolan. Singh, V.P. : Bharat Ka Rashtriya Andolan Aur Samvidhanik Vikas.

4 ch-,- izfke o"kz ijh{kk] 2015 bfrgkl izfke iz u&i= 100 vad f}rh; iz u&i= 100 vad vof/k izfke iz u&i= Hkkjr dk bfrgkl 1200 bz- rd 3?k.Vs bdkbz&1 bfrgkl tkuus ds Lkzksr] iwoz ik"kk.k dkyhu lald`fr] e/;ik"kk.k dkyhu lald`fr] uoik"kk.k dkyhu vksj rkezk e lald`fra bdkbz&2 uxj fu;kstu ds fo'ks"k lanhkz esa gm+iik lh;rk dh fo ks"krk,a] bldk iru] osfnd jktu;] vfkzo;olfkk] Hkkjr esa yksg ;qxhu lald`fr] mÿkj o nf{k.k esa egkik"kk.k ;qxa bdkbz&3 punzxqir eks;z & mldh fot;sa,oa iz kklu] v kksd dk /kez,oa izpkj] eks;z dyk vksj LFkkiR; dyk] iq";fe= 'kqax] :nznkeu] dfu"d,oa xksrehiq= 'kkrdf.kz dk ewy;kadua bdkbz&4 izkjfehkd xqir 'kkld] leqnzxqir] punzxqir f}rh;] LdUnxqIr] xqir lkezkt; ds iru ds dkj.k] xqir dyk] LFkkiR; dyk] lkfgr;] n kzu] /kez] fokku vksj rduhda bdkbz&5 xqir iz kklu] g"kzo/kzu] Hkkjrh; lald`fr esa pksyksa] pkyqd;ksa vksj iyyoksa dk ;ksxnku] lokszpprk ds fy, f=dks.kh; la?k"kz] fefgjhkkst izfrgkj] i`fohjkt pksgku r`rh;] egewn xtuoh,oa eqgeen xksjh ds vkøe.kksa dk izhkkoa

5 lanhkz xzafk% Fkkij] jksfeyk%, fglvªh vkwq bf.m;k] [k.m&1 Fkkij] ch-ds-% fjlsuv vkjd;ksyksftdy fmldojht bu bf.m;k ¼;wusLdks] 1985½ 'kekz] vkj-,l-% vklisdv~l vkwq ikwfyfvdy vkbfm;kt,.m bulvhv~;ww ku~l bu,ful;suv bf.m;k] nsgyha uhydab 'kkl=h] ds-,-%, fglvªh vkwq lkmfk bf.m;ka >k] Mh-,u-,oa Jhekyh] ds-,e-% izkphu Hkkjr dk bfrgkl] fnyyh] 1990 A ik.ms] jktcyh% izkphu HkkjrA vkse izdk k% izkphu Hkkjr dk bfrgkla ukgj] jfrhkkuq flag% izkphu Hkkjr dk jktfufrd,oa lakld`frd bfrgkla v/;k] th-,y-% vyhz bf.m;u bdukwfedla ck ke],-,y-% n oamj nsv okt bf.m;ka czkmu] ilhzz% bf.m;u vkjfdvsdpj] [k.m&1 etwenkj] vkj-lh-¼leik½%fglvªh,.m dypj vkwq n bf.m;u ihiy] [k.m&2] 3] 4] 5 xksiky],y-% bduksfed ykbzq vkwq ukwnzuz bf.m;ka JhokLro],-,y-% fnyyh lyrura etwenkj] vkj-lh-,.m vyvsdj% n okdkvd xqir,t & cukjl] 1959A pv~vksik/;k;],l- pv~vksik/;k;],l- lksf k;y ykbzq bu,ful;suv bf.m;ka vyhz fglvªh vkwq ukwfkz bf.m;ka

6 f}rh; iz u&i= Hkkjrh; lald`fr,oa lh;rk bdkbz&1 Hkkjrh; lald`fr dk vfkz,oa vkn kz] fofhkuurk esa,drk] lsu/ko lekt,oa /kez] osfnd lkfgr;] lekt vksj /keza bdkbz&2 tsu /kez] cks) /kez] blyke /kez] fld[k /kez] izkphu Hkkjr esa f'k{kk ds dsunza bdkbz&3 o.kz] tkfr] la;qdr ifjokj & ykhk o gkfu;k ] iq#"kkfkz] vkje O;oLFkk] fofhkuu ;qxksa esa ukjh dh flfkfra bdkbz&4 'kadjkpk;z,oa mudh f'k{kk,a] HkfDr vkunksyu] vturk fp=dyk] jkek;.k] egkhkkjr] dkyhnkl] rqylhnkl] ehjka bdkbz&5 Hkkjrh; iqutkzxj.k] jk"vªh; vkunksyu esa fryd] xka/kh,oa lqhkk"k punz cksl dk ;ksxnku] if'pe dk Hkkjrh; lald`fr ij izhkko] lhoh- jeu] ts-lh- clq] vk;z HkêA lanhkz xzafk% xksiky,.m ;kno% HkVukxj] ds-,l- 'kekz] vkj-th-% ywfu;k] ch-,u-% JhokLro],-,y-% ck'ke],-,y-% jkw;pks/kjh],p-lh-] j?kqoa'kh] oh-ih-,l-% vxzoky] vkj-lh-% flag] oh-ih-% Hkkjrh; lald`fra Hkkjr dk lakld`frd bfrgkla Hkkjrh; lkfgr; vksj lald`fr dk bfrgkla Hkkjrh; lald`fra e/;dkyhu Hkkjrh; lald`fra vn~hkqr HkkjrA ikwfyfvdy fglvªh vkwq,ful;suv bf.m;k ¼fgUnh½A bf.m;u us'kuy ewoesuv~l,.m FkkWVA Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dk fodkl rfkk jk"vªh; vkunksyua Hkkjr dk jk"vªh; vkunksyu vksj lafo/kkfud fodkla

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8 FACULTY OF ARTS, EDUCATION AND SOCIAL SCIENCES BACHELOR OF ARTS GENERAL INFORMATION FOR STUDENTS Pattern of Question Paper in B.A. Part II (2015) Section A: Will consist of 10 compulsory questions. There will be two questions from each unit and answer of each question shall be limited upto 30 words. Each question will carry 2 marks. Section B: Will consist of 10 questions. Two question from each unit will be set and students will answer one question from each Unit. Answer of each question shall be limited upto 250 words. Each question will carry 7 marks. Section C: Will consist of total 5 questions. The paper setter will set one question from each Unit and students will answer any 3 questions and answer of each question shall be limited upto 500 words. Each question will carry 15 marks.

9 B.A. PART II EXAMINATION HISTORY Paper I Paper II Duration of each paper 100 Marks 100 Marks 3 Hours PAPER I HISTORY OF INDIA FROM c A.D. Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Historical Sources of Medieval Indian History. Achievements of Qutub-din- Aibak, Illtutmish and Balban; Alauddin Khalji Conquest, administration and economic reforms. Tughluq dyansty Muhammed Bin Tughluq administrative works, Firoz Tughlaq administration and religious policy. Invasion of Timur, Rise of Provincial Kingdoms. Expansion of Mughals Babar and Humayun. Second Afghan Empire - Shershah. Achievements of Akbar and Jahangir. Shahjahan and Aurangzeb, Economic progress : Agriculture, Trade, Commerce, Industry, Mughal Art and Architecture. Mughal administration and institutions. Jagirdari and Mansabdari System. Administrative organisation, Agriculture, trade and commerce of Rajputs. Suggested Readings: Majumdar, Dutta and Raychoudhary; Sharma S.R.: Srivastava A.L.: Satish Chandra: Lal K.S.: Tripathi, R.P.: Dey U.N.: Habib A.B.M.: An Advanced History of India. (Also in Hindi) Crescent in India Muslim Sashan Ka Itihas. (Also in Hindi) Mughal Empire in India. Sultanate of Delhi. History of India ( ) E.Hindi Edition. Uttar Mughal Kalin Bharat. Parties and Politics at the Mughal Court, A.D., Aligarh Medieval India; from Sultanate to the Mughals 1997 Delhi. History of Khiljis. Some Aspects of Muslim Administration. Government of the Delhi Sultanate. The Foundation of Muslim Rule in India. Verma H.C.: Madhya Kalin Bharat Vol. I, Madhya Kalim Bharat Vol. II, Pandey A.B.: Early Medieval India ed Rizvi S.A.A.: The Wonder that was India, Vol. 2, London, Desai Z.A.: Indo-Islamic Architecture, Delhi, Richard John, F.: Mughal Empire, Delhi, Pandey Avadhbihari: Sarkar J.N.: Madhyayugin Bharat. Mughal Shashan Padhati

10 Sharma, L.P.: Madyakalin Bharata Ka Itihas.

11 PAPER II WORLD HISTORY FROM 15 TH CENTURY TO 1945 A.D. Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Rise and decline of feudalism. Renaissance Meaning, Causes. Reformation Causes, Role of Martin Luther. Mercantilism Meaning, Features and Impact Agriculture Revolution. Industrial Revolution, Glorious Revolution (1688) Causes and results. American War of Independence Causes and its Significance. French Revolution Causes and results. Parliamentary reforms in England in the 19 th & 20 th Centuries. Napoleon Bonaparte. Concert of Europe. Unification of Italy and Germany. Rise of New Imperialism. First World War causes and results. Bolshevick Revolution causes and results. Peace Settlement of Paris (1919). Rise of Fascism and Nazism. League of Nation: Birth, aims, organisation, achievements and causes of failure. Second World War causes and results. UNO: Birth, organisation. Suggested Readings: Burns : Hayes, A.: Ketlby, C.D.M.: Hazen, C.D.: Gupta, Parthasarthi: Western Civilization. Political and Cultural History of Modern Europe, Vol. I & II. History of Modern Times (Hindi and Eng. eds.) History of Modern Europe (Hindi & Eng. eds.) Adhunik Pashchim Ka Udaya. Chouhan, D.S.: Europe Ka Itihas ( ). Verma, Dinanath: Pandey, V.C.: Luniya, B.N. : Manav Sabhyata Ka Itihas. History of Europe. Adhunik Paschatya Itihas Ki Pramukh Dharaen : Part I & II.

12 ch-,- f}rh; o"kz ijh{kk] 2015 bfrgkl izfke iz u&i= 100 vad f}rh; iz u&i= 100 vad vof/k izfke iz u&i= Hkkjr dk bfrgkl ¼1200 bz-&1760 bz-½ 3?k.Vs bdkbz 1 % e/;dkyhu Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ds izeq[k LkzksrA dqrqcqìhu,scd] byrqrfe k vksj cycu dh miyfc/k;ka vykmìhu f[kyth dh fot;sa] iz kklu] vkffkzd lq/kkja bdkbz 2 % rqxyd oa k & eqgeen fcu rqxyd & iz kklfud dk;z] fqjkst rqxyd dk iz kklu],oa /kkfezd uhfr] rsewj dk vkøe.ka izkurh; jkt;ksa dk mn;a bdkbz 3 % eqxyksa dk jkt; folrkj % ckcj,oa gqek;w ] f}rh; vqxku lkezkt; % 'ksj kkg] vdcj,oa tgk xhj dh miyfc/k;kaa bdkbz 4 % 'kkgtgk,oa vksjaxtsc] vkffkzd fodkl % d`f"k] O;kikj] okf.kt;] m ksx] eqxy dyk,oa LFkkiR;A bdkbz 5 % eqxy iz kklu,oa lalfkk, % tkxhjnkjh,oa eulcnkjh O;oLFkk iz kkldh; laxbu jktiwr dkyhu d`f"k] O;kikj o okf.kt; lgk;d iqlrdsa % Majumdar, Dutta and Raychoudhary; Sharma S.R.: Srivastava A.L.: Satish Chandra: Lal K.S.: Tripathi, R.P.: Dey U.N.: Habib A.B.M.: An Advanced History of India. (Also in Hindi) Crescent in India Muslim Sashan Ka Itihas. (Also in Hindi) Mughal Empire in India. Sultanate of Delhi. History of India ( ) E.Hindi Edition. Uttar Mughal Kalin Bharat. Parties and Politics at the Mughal Court, A.D., Aligarh, Medieval India; from Sultanate to the Mughals 1997 Delhi. History of Khiljis. Some Aspects of Muslim Administration. Government of the Delhi Sultanate. The Foundation of Muslim Rule in India. Verma H.C.: Madhya Kalin Bharat Vol. I, Madhya Kalin Bharat Vol. II,

13 Pandey A.B.: Early Medieval India ed Rizvi S.A.A.: The Wonder that was India, Vol. 2, London, Desai Z.A.: Indo-Islamic Architecture, Delhi, Richard John, F.: Mughal Empire, Delhi, Pandey Avadhbihari: Madhyayugin Bharat. Sarkar J.N.: Mughal Shashan Padhati. Sharma, L.P.: Madyakalin Bharata Ka Itihas.

14 f}rh; iz u&i= fo o dk bfrgkl & 15 oha 'krkcnh ls 1945 bz- rd bdkbz 1 % lkeurokn dk mrfkku,oa iru iqutkzxj.k & vfkz] dkj.k /kezlq/kkj vkunksyu & dkj.k] ekfvzu ywfkj dh Hkwfedk okf.kt;okn % vfkz] fo ks"krk,a] izhkkoa bdkbz 2 % d`f"k ØkfUr vks ksfxd ØkfUr] xksjoiw.kz ØkfUr ¼1688 bz-½ & dkj.k] ifj.kke vesfjdk dk Lora=rk laxzke & dkj.k,oa egro ÝkUlhlh ØkfUr % dkj.k,oa ifj.kkea bdkbz 3 % 19 oha vksj 20 oha 'krkcnh esa bxys.m esa lalnh; lq/kkj usiksfy;u cksukikvz ;wjksi dh la;qä O;oLFkk bvyh,oa tezuh dk,dhdj.k uohu lkezkt;okn dk mn;a bdkbz 4 % izfke fo o ;q) & dkj.k&ifj.kke cksy ksfod ØkfUr & dkj.k&ifj.kke isfjl 'kkfur le>ksrk 1919 bz-a bdkbz 5 % ukthokn,oa Qklhokn dk mn; jk"vªla?k & tue] mìs ;] laxbu] miyfc/k;ka] vlqyrk ds dkj.k] f}rh; fo o ;q) & dkj.k o ifj.kke la;qä jk"vªla?k & tue,oa laxbua lgk;d iqlrdsa % Burns : Hayes, A.: Ketlby, C.D.M.: Hazen, C.D.: Gupta, Parthasarthi: Western Civilization. Political and Cultural History of Modern Europe, Vol. I & II. History of Modern Times (Hindi and Eng. eds.) History of Modern Europe (Hindi & Eng. eds.) Adhunik Pashchim Ka Udaya. Chouhan, D.S.: Europe Ka Itihas ( ). Verma, Dinanath: Pandey, V.C.: Luniya, B.N. : Manav Sabhyata Ka Itihas. History of Europe. Adhunik Paschatya Itihas Ki Pramukh Dharaen : Part I & II.

15 FACULTY OF ARTS, EDUCATION AND SOCIAL SCIENCES BACHELOR OF ARTS GENERAL INFORMATION FOR STUDENTS Pattern of Question Paper in B.A. Final (2015) Section A: Will consist of 10 compulsory questions. There will be two questions from each unit and answer of each question shall be limited upto 30 words. Each question will carry 2 marks. Section B: Will consist of 10 questions. Two question from each unit will be set and students will answer one question from each Unit. Answer of each question shall be limited upto 250 words. Each question will carry 7 marks. Section C: Will consist of total 5 questions. The paper setter will set one question from each Unit and students will answer any 3 questions and answer of each question shall be limited upto 500 words. Each question will carry 15 marks.

16 B.A. FINAL EXAMINATION 2015 HISTORY Paper I Paper II Duration of each paper 100 Marks 100 Marks 3 Hours Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 PAPER I HISTORY OF INDIA FROM c A.D. Political and Economic condition of India at the advent of Britishers. British Expansion in Bengal Battle of Plassey and Buxar. First Anglo-Maratha war and Treaty of Salbai. Subsidiary Alliances and Doctrine of Lapse as Source of expansion of British Empire. Permanent Settlement. Ryotwari and Mahalwari. Commercialization of agriculture and its effects. Decline of Cottage industries; causes and effect of Drain of Wealth. Education and Judiciary Reforms. Socio-religious movement in India. Growth of English Education and Press. Peasant Protest against Feudalism. Revolt of 1857 causes, nature and results. Growth of Political awareness. Theory, Theme and Achievements of Moderates, Extremists and revolutionaries. Role of Gandhi in National movement. Peasant and Workers Movements, Depressed Class movements. Unit 5 Act of 1909 (Minto Morley Reforms). Act of 1919 and Communal Politics and Partition. Subhash Chandra Bose and I.N.A. Integration of the Indian States and Problem of Kashmir, Junagarh and Hyderabad. Suggested Readings: Majumdar, Dutta and Raychoudhary: Advanced History of India, Part III (Hindi and Eng. Ed.). Robert, P.E.: History of British India. Dutta and Sarkar: A Text Book of Modern Indian History. Sarkar, Sumit: Modern India Sharma, L.P.: Adhunik Bharat Ka Itihas. Jain, M.S.: Adhunik Bharat Ka Itihas. Prasad and Subedar: Arvacheen Bharat. Sikri, S.L.: Bhartiya Samvidhan Ka Itihas. Shukla, R.L.: Adhunik Bharat Ka Itihas (Hindi). Roy, Satya M.: Bharat Mein Upniveshvad Evam Rashtravad (Hindi). Bipin Chandra: Bharat Ka Swatantrata Sangram (Hindi).

17 PAPER II HISTORY AND CULTURE OF RAJASTHAN. Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Rajasthan - Geography, demarcation of Eastern and Western Rajasthan. Pre-historic Rajasthan, Origin of Rajputs, Pratihars of Mandore Nagbhatt II and Mihir Bhoj; Guhils of Mewar; Chauhans of Shakambhari Arno Raj and Vigraha Raj IV. Muslim Expansion in Rajasthan. Rise of Mewar under Kumbha and Sanga; Rise of Marwar under Jodha and Maldeo; Temple Architecture Delwara and Ranakpur; Fort Architecture Chittor, Ranthambhore and Mehrangarh. Resistance and Collaboration with Mughals Amber - Man Singh, Mirza Raja Jai Singh, Sawai Jai Singh; Mewar - Pratap; Marwar - Chandra Sen, Jaswant Singh, Durga Das; Bikaner - Rai Singh. Salient features of Rajput Paintings. Maratha Incursions Causes and Impact; Treaties with East India Company; Trade and Commerce; Fair and Festivals; Music and Dance. Uprising of 1857 Causes and Impact, Political Awakening in Rajputana; Bhil, Bijolia Movements and Praja Mandal Movements with Special reference to Jodhpur, Mewar and Jaipur; Formation of Rajasthan. Suggested Readings: Sharma, Dasharath: Rajasthan through the Ages. Sharma, G.N.: Mewar and the Mugal Emperors. Sharma, G.N.: Social Life in Medieval Rajasthan. Sharma, G.N.: Rajasthan Ka Itihas (Hindi). Vyas, R.P.: Rajasthan Ka Brihat Itihas (Hindi)(Two parts). Pema Ram: Agrarian Movements in Rajasthan. Jain, M.S.: Rajasthan Ka Itihas. Saxena, K.S.: Political Movements and Awakening in Rajasthan. Khadgawat, N.R.: Rajasthan s Role in Raghubeer Singh: Purva Adhunik Rajasthan.

18 ch-,- vfure o"kz ijh{kk] 2015 bfrgkl izfke iz u&i= 100 vad f}rh; iz u&i= 100 vad vof/k 3?k.Vs izfke iz u&i= Hkkjr dk bfrgkl ¼1740 ls 1950 bz-½ bdkbz 1% vaxzstksa ds vkxeu ds le; Hkkjr dh jktuhfrd vksj vkffkzd flfkfr] caxky esa fczfv k lÿkk dk izlkj&iyklh vksj cdlj dk ;q)] izfke vkaxy&ejkbk ;q) vksj lkyckbz dh lfu/k] lgk;d lfu/k,oa xksn fu"ks/k izfkk&fczfv k lkezkt; ds folrkj ds :i esaa bdkbz 2% LFkk;h cunksclr] js;rokm+h vksj egyokm+h O;oLFkk,a] d`f"k dk okf.kt;hdj.k vksj mldk izhkko] dqvhj m ksxksa dk iru] /ku fu"dklu ds dkj.k,oa izhkko A bdkbz 3% f k{kk vksj U;kf;d lq/kkj] Hkkjr esa lkekftd&/kkfezd vkunksyu] ik pkr; f k{kk,oa izsl dk fodkl] lkeurokn ds fo:) d`"kd izfrjks/k] 1857 dk foiyo&dkj.k] izd`fr,oa ifj.kkea bdkbz 4% jktuhfrd tkx`fr dk fodkl] mnkjoknh] mxzoknh,o ØkfUrdkfj;ksa ds fl)kur] fo"k;,oa miyfc/k;k ] jk"vªh; vkunksyu esa xka/khth dh Hkwfedk] d`"kd vksj Jfed vkunksyu] nfyr oxz vkunksyua bdkbz 5% 1909 dk vf/kfu;e ¼feUVks&ekWysZ lq/kkj½] 1919 vksj 1935 dk vf/kfu;e] lkeiznkf;d jktuhfr vksj fohkktu] lqhkk"kpunz cksl vksj vktkn fgun QkSt] Hkkjrh; la?k esa ns kh jkt;ksa dk foy; rfkk d ehj] twukx<+ vksj gsnjkckn dh lel;ka lgk;d iqlrdsa % etwenkj] nùk,oa jk;pks/kjh%,mokal fglvªh vkwq bf.m;k] Hkkx&3 ¼fgUnh,oa vaxzsth laldj.k½ jkcvz~l] ih-bz-% fglvªh vkwq fczfv k bf.m;k nùk,oa ljdkj%, VsDLV~ cqd vkwq ekmzu bf.m;u fglvªh

19 ljdkj] lqfer% ekwmzu bf.m;k] 1885&1947 'kekz],y-ih-% vk/kqfud Hkkjr dk bfrgkl tsu],e-,l-% vk/kqfud Hkkjr dk bfrgkl izlkn,oa lqcsnkj% vokzphu Hkkjr lhdjh],l-,y-% Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dk bfrgkl 'kqdy] vkj-,y-% vk/kqfud Hkkjr dk bfrgkl ¼fgUnh½ jkw;] lr;k,e-% Hkkjr esa mifuos kokn,oa jk"vªokn ¼fgUnh½ fcfiu punz% Hkkjr dk Lora=rk laxzke ¼fgUnh½

20 f}rh; iz u&i= jktlfkku dk bfrgkl,oa lald`fr bdkbz 1% jktlfkku & Hkwxksy] iwohz,oa if peh jktlfkku dk lhekadu] iwoz,sfrgkfld jktlfkku] jktiwrksa dh mrifùk] e.mksj ds izfrgkj] ukxhkê f}rh; vksj fefgj Hkkst] esokm+ ds xqfgy] 'kkdehkjh ds pksgku & v.kkszjkt vksj foxzgjkt prqfkza bdkbz 2% jktlfkku esa eqflye lùkk dk izlkj] dqehkk vksj lakxk ds v/khu esokm+ dk mn;] tks/kk vksj ekynso ds v/khu ekjokm+ dk mn;] efunj LFkkiR;&nsyokM+k vksj j.kdiqj] nqxz LFkkiR; & fpÿkksm+] j.kfkehkksj vksj esgjkux<+a bdkbz 3% eqxyksa ds lkfk izfrjks/k,oa lg;ksx % vkesj & ekuflag] fetkz jktk t;flag] lokbz t;flag] esokm+ & izrki] ekjokm+ & punzlsu] tloarflag] nqxkznkl] chdkusj & jk;flaga bdkbz 4% jktiwr fp=dyk dh fo ks"krk, ] ejkbk vkøe.k & dkj.k vksj izhkko] bzlv bf.m;k deiuh ds lkfk lfu/k;k ] O;kikj vksj okf.kt;] esys vksj R;kSgkj] laxhr vksj u`r;a bdkbz 5% 1857 dk foiyo & dkj.k vksj izhkko] jktiwrkuk esa jktuhfrd tkxj.k] Hkhy] fctksfy;k vkunksyu] tks/kiqj] esokm+,oa t;iqj ds fo ks"k lunhkz esa iztke.my vkunksyu] jktlfkku dk fuekz.ka lgk;d iqlrdsa % 'kekz] n kjfk % jktlfkku Fkzw n,tsta 'kekz] th-,u- % esokm+,.m n eqxy,eijj~la 'kekz] th-,u- % lksf k;y ykbzq bu esfmoy jktlfkkua 'kekz] th-,u- % jktlfkku dk bfrgkl ¼fgUnh½A O;kl] vkj-ih- % jktlfkku dk o`gr~ bfrgkl ¼fgUnh½] nks HkkxA isekjke %,xzsfj;u ewoes.v bu jktlfkkua tsu],e-,l- % jktlfkku dk bfrgkla ldlsuk] ds-,l- % ikwyhfvdy ewoes.v~l,oa vosfduax bu jktlfkkua [km+xkor],u-vkj- % jktlfkku~l jksy bu 1857A j?kqohjflag % iwoz vk/kqfud jktlfkkua

Дверь снова приоткрылась на дюйм. В Третьем узле виднелось голубоватое сияние: терминалы по-прежнему работали; они обеспечивали функционирование «ТРАНСТЕКСТА», поэтому на них поступало аварийное питание. Сьюзан просунула в щель ногу в туфле «Феррагамо» и усилила нажим. Дверь подалась. Стратмор сменил положение.

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