Essay/Term paper: Siddhartha gautama
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Siddhartha Gautama was born about 563 BC in what is now modern Nepal. His
father, Suddhodana, was the ruler of the Sakya people and Siddhartha grew up
living the extravagant life on a young prince. According to custom, he married
at the young age of sixteen to a girl named Yasodhara. His father had ordered
that he live a life of total seclusion, but one day Siddhartha ventured out into
the world and was confronted with the reality of the inevitable suffering of
life. The next day, at the age of twenty-nine, he left his kingdom and new-born
son to lead an modest life and determine a way to relieve universal suffering.
For six years, Siddhartha meditated under a bodhi tree. But he was never fully
satisfied. One day he was offered a bowl of rice from a young girl and he
accepted it. In that moment, he realized that physical hardships were not the
means to freedom. From then on, he encouraged people not to use extremes in
their life. He called this The Middle Way. That night Siddhartha sat under
the bodhi tree, and meditated till dawn. He cleared his mind of all worldly
things and claimed to get enlightenment at the age of thirty-five, thus earning
the title Buddha, or "Enlightened One." For the remainder of his eighty years,
the Buddha preached the dharma in an effort to help other people reach
enlightenment. When Siddhartha is a Brahmin, he believes in the existence of
many gods, and performs sacrifices to them. After a while he realizes this is
meaningless and decides to leave his family and community and become a Samana.
As a Samana, he tries to destroy himself in may ways. He feels if he kills
himself, with its passions and emotions, he will find the great secret.
Siddhartha doesn't spend much time as Buddha, although he has an important
revelation. He discovers he can't find peace by learning from a master. He
finds the only way to have peace with the world is by finding it for himself.
When Siddhartha leaves Buddha, he is enthralled with the world. He starts
paying more attention to the world because he knows he must get experience for
himself. As he walks he comes upon a town. He stays and becomes a merchant.
At first he looks at his actions as a game. After a while he becomes more
serious. He starts drinking and gambling and becomes lazy. Siddhartha sees
this and decides to leave the town.He wanders through a forest and comes upon a
river. Just as he's about to kill himself he hears Om. Siddhartha decides
there is much to live for. He looks a this experience as a rebirth, and starts
a new life. Siddhartha stays by the river and looks for a ferryman he met years
ago who's name was Vasudeua. Vasudeua had found peace with himself, and
Siddhartha stays with him. He comes to peace with the world and learns he must
love everything, because everything has good in it. He also sees the difference
between past, present, and future is just a myth. In his hometown, Siddhartha's
social status was very high. He was popular, and lived by everyone, but he
decided that he could not stay. When he was with the Samanas, this social
status sunk to an all time low. He was considered a beggar. When Siddhartha
visited the Buddha, his social status was changing. Siddhartha is involved with
Brahmin rituals in his hometown. He lives with his family and is in good health.
He eats well, has good hygiene, and wears decent clothes. But when the Samanas
come to his village, he decides to leave his family for life in the forest. He
travels with the Samanas in the Forrest. He often meditates. He doesn't eat
good or clean himself, and only wears a loin cloth. He leaves the Samanas by
hypnotizing the leader and convinces him to let him go. Siddhartha goes to see
Buddha. HE soon leaves Buddha and travels on his own as an independent Samana.
Eventually he becomes weary of his lifestyle and decides to live in a village.
There he finds Kamala, a beautiful prostitute. He works hard to get clothes,
shoes, and money for Kamala. Joining Kamaswami, a merchant. Siddhartha becomes
rich. This gets him nice clothes, shoes, tasteful meals, and good hygiene.
After a while he becomes tired of his life in the village and leaves. He tries
to commit suicide, but then decides not to kill himself. He falls asleep and
sleeps for a long, long time. When he wakes up he decides he wants to be a
ferryman and join Vasudeva. Siddhartha lives in Vasudeva's hut with him and
occasionally talks with him. Siddhartha now wears few clothing, eats small
meals, and keeps poor hygiene. Soon, he has to take care of his son, this takes
time. Siddhartha eventually completely takes over Vasudeva's business
Siddhartha was unhappy following Hinduism. He says, that since Atman created
the other gods, then he is the only true god, and the others are temporary.
Siddhartha's discontent with Hinduism grows strong enough to drive him from home.
Siddhartha's experience with the Buddha shows his growing doubt of teachings.
He sees Nirvana in Buddha, but knows in his heart that teachings cannot bring it.
After leaving Buddha Siddhartha becomes depressed and decides to leave virtue
for vices. After living with Samsara for may years, Siddhartha becomes depressed.
He realizes that the beautiful bird that once sang in his soul has become
silent. When he reaches the river he sits above it, and hears of his soul the
holy Om, this is proof that the bird exists. The river teaches him more than any
human teacher could have, like the fact that time is an illusion. Siddhartha
finally finds peace in this.
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Gautama Buddha was born in Nepal. His family name is Siddhārtha. Gautama was the person who began the religion of Buddhism. He lived from about 563 BC to about 483 BC. He is also called Sakyamuni or Tathāgat.
His early years[change | change source]
Siddhārtha Gautama (Sidaaha) was born in the kingdom of Kapilvastu in Nepal. At present this birth place of Buddha is called Lumbini, in Nepal. At that time, a clan called the Shakya's ruled Kapilvastu. His father was a king named Suddodana Tharu, and his mother was Maya Devi. Siddhārtha lived in luxury; his father kept trouble and hard work far from him. A seer predicted that if Siddhārth stayed inside his palace his whole life, then he would become a great king. However, if he left the palace, then he would become a great religious leader. The king did not want his son to become a religious leader. He kept Siddhartha in the palace for his whole childhood.
When he was older, his father found a woman for Siddhārtha to marry at the age of 16. He married the woman named Yashodhara, and they had a son, Rahul. Although Gautama had everything he could want, he still was not happy. He wanted to learn the meaning of his existence.
It is said that he got out of the castle against his father's orders. He saw the "Four Passing Sights": an old crippled man, a sick man, a dead man, and a holy man with no home. But in real he became member of shakya sangh in age of 20. After eight years Shakya and Koli dispute happened. Which was about the use of water of river Rohini. Some people of both the sides got injured. After it in a meeting of shakya sangh they decided to fight a war against Kolis to teach them lesson. Siddhartha opposed the proposal and said, "war is not a solution of any problem, We can form a council of some people of both sides and that council can solve the issues." Almost all the members rejected his opinion. Next day head of the sangh said, " we are going to recruit new soldiers for the war and it is essential for a man who is above 20 and below 50 years." Again Siddhartha opposed the proposal. Head of the sangh made him recall his oth but Siddharth said, "he will not fight." Sangh asked him to choose (1) fight for the sangh against kolis (2) death sentence or he will leave the country (3) Social boycott of his family. Siddhartha said "I am ready for death." Head of the sangh said, "this step can be harmful because Kosala king will not allow it." If it is your problem then I may become a monk and then I can leave this country, Kosala king cant do anything in it, said Siddhartha. Head of the sangh thought it was a good idea. After you leave we will start a war so that king will not be able to findout any relation between you and war, head of the sangh said. Next day Siddhartha left his family, his land and everything. It was 29th year of his birth. 
Seeking answers[change | change source]
At that time, holy men were usually ascetics. They hurt their bodies in order to help their spiritual beings. They do not do things they like so they can defeat their desires. The most ascetic kinds of holy men were called Jains. They practiced self-denial and made themselves suffer very much. They believed this would free the ātman (soul) from pain and sadness. Siddhārth did these things well. Eventually he was better than his teachers. He still found no answer, and he left his teachers, some friends and he went even farther. He ate only six grains of rice a day. He tried holding his breath. He became just skin and bones, and he nearly died. Still, he had no answer.
Siddhārth started to think again about this path. He thought there might be a better way than hurting himself. He found a fig tree (now called the Bodhi tree) and started to meditate. He told himself that he would not get up until he had found enlightenment. He meditated under the tree for 49 days. His mind is said to have become pure, and then, six years after he began his path, he said he found Enlightenment, and became the Buddha.
The life as a Buddha[change | change source]
When the Buddha became enlightened, he knew the answer to suffering, and he knew how to defeat suffering. This answer was called the Four Noble Truths. He was not sure if he should teach his new ideas or not. He asked himself if the world was ready for such a deep teaching. But in the end, he decided to travel to a town called Sarnath to teach the people his new way. He taught about the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. The people listened to him.
When he taught, he did not pretend to be a god. He said he was just a man who had found the meaning of life (enlightenment), and that any person can also find the meaning of life. For the rest of his life, he walked all over Southern Nepal and parts of India to teach people what he believed. He started a Sangha, which is a group of Buddhist monks and nuns. Many people became enlightened because of him. At the age of 80, Gautama Buddha died.
The life teachings[change | change source]
The teachings of the Buddha are known as Buddhism. Buddhism is mostly about ending the feeling of pain that all people feel inside. Gautama Buddha taught that pain is a part of all life. He taught that pain is because of desire. And he showed that there is a way to end desire and end pain by doing good things, not doing bad things, and training one's mind. This is done to end pain and gain enlightenment.
Buddhism teaches non-harm and balance – not going too far one way or the other. The Buddha taught people to meditate, or think deeply, while sitting in the lotus position. Some Buddhists chant and meditate while walking. Buddhists sometimes do these things to understand the human heart and mind. Sometimes they do these things to understand the way the world works. Sometimes they do these things to find peace.
The Buddha would not say if gods exist or not. He taught that people should not look to gods to save them or bring them enlightenment. The gods may have power over world events and they might help people, or they might not. But Buddha believed that it is up to each person to become enlightened.