Essay On Trojan War

The Trojan War Essay

Most information that the world has today that deals with the history of ancient Greece is in the literature from the time. Great epics such as the Iliad and The Odyssey, from the unknown poet Homer, make up most of the literature that has even been found from this era. The problem with getting history from literary sources is that when Homer first recited his Iliad he was actually trying to entertain, so all of the information might not be accurate, although based on actual events. Also, in the Greek culture it was common to allow the credit for certain kinds of deeds to go to gods or goddesses, which today's historians just suppose to be allegorical references. But, if the gods or goddesses do not exist, then how did the Trojan War start in the first place? This paper will look at the events of the Trojan War and will describe how we can or cannot know what actually happened with the sources that we have.

The Trojan War was fought between the Greeks and the peoples of Troy. A blind poet named Homer wrote of this war in two of his epic poems, Iliad and the Odyssey. Most of what we know of the war comes from Iliad. The Odyssey talks about the return trip of Odysseus as he returns home after the Trojan War. The Greeks believed Homer's writings to be descriptions of historical events. They believed the war took place sometime in the 12th or 13th century BC.

When most people hear of the Trojan War they usually think of the Trojan Horse. According to Homer, the Greeks devised a new ploy - a giant wooden hollow horse. It was built by Epeius, a Greek soldier, and was filled with Greek warriors led my Odysseus, a Greek general. As the Greeks left the soldier filled horse at the city gates, the Trojans brought in within the city thinking it was a peace offering ending the war. Soon after it was brought in, the Trojans got drunk and fell asleep after hours of celebration. At this point the soldiers came out from the horse and let the Greek army through the city gates. All the Trojan men were killed and the women were taken as slaves.

The cause of the war that most people understand to be true is a myth involving the goddesses, but with what archeologists have found so far; no one is exactly sure what started the war. This Greek myth, presented by Homer, is the most widely accepted account of the events of the Trojan War. A sea nymph, who is a kind of goddess, named Thetis, was getting married to Peleus, a mortal. All of the gods and goddesses were invited to this great wedding except Eris, a rather unpopular goddess. When Eris discovered that there was a wedding going on that she had not been invited to she decided to get back at all who went. She decided to roll an apple into the reception of the...

Loading: Checking Spelling

0%

Read more

Historical Investigation Homer and the Trojan War

929 words - 4 pages Historical Investigation Homer and the Trojan WarTroy was a city well-known to both history and legend, and situated in Turkey. It is best known for being the setting of the Trojan War described in The Iliad, the epic poem attributed to Homer. A lot of people ask, was there really a war at Troy? "Most...

Trojan War and The Odysseus by Homer

1239 words - 5 pages Over the course of the ten-year long Trojan War, the character Odysseus is introduced to those who may read it. This particular man is depicted as the main character, the hero, of this tale. In Homer’s Odyssey, an epic hero is one who embodies the ideals and beliefs of the civilization they live in. This hero is the protagonist of the epic, the technical main character. Though like each individual human being these epic heroes and heroines will...

The Heroes of the Trojan War: Hector & Achilles

525 words - 2 pages In the Greek epic, The Iliad, Homer describes the siege and capture of the ancient city of Troy by Achilles and the Achaean warriors. Achilles, being a fearless fighter, defeated many throughout his battles against the Trojan army, including the brave-hearted Hector during the invasion of Troy. Though Achilles has been given the title of the hero of the Trojan War, many historians believe that Hector was a greater hero than Achilles. When...

Was the Trojan War really the fault of the gods? - Give reasons for and against.

2051 words - 8 pages Was the Trojan War really the fault of the gods? - Give reasons for and against.Perhaps the most pivotal event in the early history of ancient Greece was the Trojan War, the most important record of which is The Iliad of Homer. The war took place in the beginning of 12th century B.C....

"Peace, War, and the Trojan War" In MLA Style. Discusses the fact that war never brings peace, by using examples from Greek Mythology.

1815 words - 7 pages "Madmen, all of you who strive for the glory of combats, and believe that the lances of war will ease the burdens of mortals. Never, if blood be arbitress of peace, strife between cities of men shall find an ending." (Captive maidens in Troy. Euripides, Helen 1150). This quote portrays the conviction pertaining that war never establishes peace, but merely further war. So many instances and examples from the Iliad, as well as what we know from...

Assess the extent in which Euripides' tragedy 'The Trojan Women' is a reflection of the change in attitude to Athens' involvement in the Peloponnesian War

1769 words - 7 pages Euripides’ tragedy ‘The Trojan Women’ is a reflection of the changing attitude held towards Athens’ involvement in the Peloponnesian War by both Euripides and Athenian society. Euripides establishes a clear political allusion between the Peloponnesian War and ‘The Trojan Women’, asserting the futility of war and...

Trojan War

559 words - 2 pages      In the book The Trojan War, by Bernard Evslin, Ulysses and Agamemnon both contribute to the Greek’s victory. Many considered Ulysses to be the real brains behind the Greek forces. Although Agamemnon was the leader of the Greeks, many would say he was not a good one. Even though Agamemnon did some good deeds during the war, many of his actions caused problems, and Ulysses often had to come to his rescue....

Patroklus' Mind: Fictional First Person Account In Trojan War

1513 words - 6 pages My face drips with sweat while riding the chariot across the velvet-colored muddy dirt. My heart was pounding quickly and constantly, almost jumping out of my chest. With the swing of my blade, my opponent drops to his knees, eyes rolling back. One Trojan slaughtered, many more Trojans to kill. This isn’t the end; this is far from the end. It’s time I prove myself to Akhilleus, breaker of men; it’s time I show him that I am worthy of wearing his...

Was There a Trojan War? This essay attempts to answer a question that is very controversial.

1663 words - 7 pages The story of the Trojan War, as narrated in Homer's Iliad, has for centuries been interpreted as a literal truth or as a legend based on a conflict that really did happen. It is natural for one to believe that a story as fabulous and colorful like that of Ilios, or Troy, could not have taken place. It is very practical to believe that the great heroes, like Achilles, Odysseus, Aeneas, and the gods and goddesses were purely out of imagination,...

Trojan Women

582 words - 2 pages Trojan Women: A Love Story After reading Trojan Women: A Love Story I walked away with two thoughts, the first being this was an excellent adaptation and translation of Euripides Trojan Women that read and flowed surprisingly easy. The second thought, more like a feeling, was one of disgust. The play had a very dark tone to it; it seemed to have a strong foundation with this...

Did Homer's Troy really exist?

1243 words - 5 pages One of the most controversial questions of all time: Did the famous Trojan War actually occur? Homer's legend of Princes falling in love with unavailable Queens, Gods fighting over the title of the fairest of them all and ruthless demi-gods capable of changing the fate of a war in his story the 'Iliad', are all nice stories yet they can't actually be proven. But what...

Essay on Trojan War

1123 WordsOct 14th, 20125 Pages

Did the Trojan War occur?

The existence of a war in Troy is undeniable; however it is not the Trojan war of Homer’s Iliad. It is believed that Homer’s account may have been based on a real event therefore having some truth but due to the mythological nature of the source, the unreliability of oral transmission and the exaggerated romantic theme, the account is not a valid source for historians. Written evidence such as the Hittite records and the different theories presented by archaeologists Schliemann, Dorpfield, Blegen and Korfmann strongly suggest the occurrence of a war in troy and have some links to the Iliad. Despite these links, there is only enough evidence to support the existence of a war in Troy but not explicitly Homer’s…show more content…

Heinrich Schliemann was one of the first archaeologists who discovered the site based on geological descriptions in Homer’s Iliad. Through the excavation of the site, Schliemann uncovered nine major layers on the mound and concluded that level 2 was Homer’s Troy. Archaeologists who came later criticised Schliemann’s amateurish excavation methods and concluded that level two was too early to be the Homeric Troy. Despite Schliemann’s destruction and false claims of the site, his discovery of Hissarlik proved that there is some truth to Homer’s account and deserves some credit for setting the foundation for archaeologists such as Blegen, Dorpfield and Korfmann. Schliemann’s discovery of the site proved that there is no doubt Troy existed and that the city’s destruction was definite.

Wilhelm Dorpfield was one of many archaeologists who began excavations and studies at Hissarlik. Level VI was the level that Dorpfield believes is the legendary Troy. He argued that Level VI fitted Homer’s description as being a grand city surrounded by high limestone walls. However, there was no evidence of Greek camps outside the walls of the city that supported Homer’s account of a ten year siege, thus leading us to conclude that Level VIIa must’ve been the Homeric Troy. Layers of charcoal uncovered by Korfmann that dated to roughly 1250 BC, the approximate end of Homer’s Troy is evidence of fire

Show More

One thought on “Essay On Trojan War

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *